WHERE IS ARMENIA?
Armenia, officially the Republic of Armenia is a sovereign state in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia. Armenia lies in the northeastern part of the Armenian plateau, between the Caucasus and Asia Minor. A former republic of the Soviet Union, it shares borders in the north and east with Georgia, Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Azerbaijan, in the west and south with Turkey, Iran and the Azerbaijan’s exclave of Nakhchivan. The border lengths are: with Iran – 35 km, with Turkey – 268 km, with Georgia – 164 km, with Azerbaijan – 787 km, with the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic of Azerbaijan – 221 km.
Ancient Armenia was one of the greatest countries of the Middle East. Its name is among six other countries depicted on a Babylonian map dating back to the 5th century BC. The historical area known as Greater Armenia used to cover more than 260,000 km² (104,000 sq mi). The modern Republic of Armenia today constitutes only about 10 percent of that area, covering an area of 29,743 km² (11,484 sq mi).
The terrain is mostly mountainous, with fast flowing rivers and few forests. The climate is highland continental, which means that Armenia is subjected to hot summers and cold winters. The land rises to 4,090 meters (13,419 ft) above sea level at Mount Aragats, and no point is below 390 meters (1,280 ft) above sea level.
Mount Ararat, which was historically part of Armenia, is the highest mountain in the region. Now located in Turkey, but clearly visible in Armenia, is regarded by the Armenians as a symbol of their land.
As a tiny landlocked nation in the Caucasus Mountains, Armenia is off the radar of most tourists, but it has so much to offer to the adventurous traveler. Armenia is home to a cosmopolitan capital city Yerevan, windswept mountains, timeless villages occupied by shepherds and a wealth of monasteries and churches.
On behalf of the Phoenix Tour, we invite you to travel to Armenia, and we look forward to hosting your visit with us!