The Statue Of Hayk Nahapet in Yerevan - Cultural Heritage Monument Of Armenia
The statue of Hayk Nahapet, the legendary patriarch and founder of Armenian nation is located on the 2nd block of Nor Nork administrative district in Yerevan.
This statue, made by sculptor Karlen Nurijanyan, along with his other works, initially was intended to be placed in Tsitsernakaberd Park in Yerevan. It is noteworthy that under Hayk Nahapet's feet there should have been lion-shaped pillars that would symbolize defeated Babylon and Assyria.
The material of the statue is wrought copper, the height of the sculpture is 3.5 meters.
The story of Hayk the Great is told in the “History of Armenia” attributed to the Armenian historian Movses Khorenatsi (Moses of Chorene) and in the “Primary History" traditionally attributed to Sebeos. Fragments of the legend of Hayk are also preserved in the works of other authors, as well as in Armenian folk tradition.
Integrating the Armenian tradition into Biblical tradition, Movses Khorenatsi describes Hayk as a descendant of Noah through the latter's son Japheth.
According to the accounts of Movses Khorenatsi and the “Primary History”, Hayk fought against and killed the tyrannical Babylonian King Bel. Depending on the mythological tradition, Bel can refer to a symbolic Babylonian/Akkadian God of War or mythical founder of Babylon. Movses identifies Bel with the Biblical Nimrod and gives a list of his ancestors and successors, drawing from the Bible and Abydenus via Eusebius' works.
Bel may also symbolize the Gutian dynasty of Sumer, which ruled remnants of Akkadia as a tyrannical power during a Mesopotamian Dark Age after the Akkadian Empire broke up in 2154 BC.
Movses writes that the armies of Hayk and Bel clashed near Lake Van “in a plain between very high mountains." King Bel was initially in the vanguard, but seeing that the outcome of the battle was uncertain, he withdrew to a hill to await the arrival of the rest of his army. Seeing this, Hayk slew Bel with a nearly impossible shot using his mighty bow, sending the king's forces into disarray.